So far we have looked at developing a drum loop, layering two sounds together and re-sampling them together whilst adding subtle effects and mix-down techniques, we then added notes to these sounds and looked at making chords within the C Major scale. This lead us the nice Rhodes & Piano sound in which we added further processing to and then added a bass-line to this, overall the track was in a 16 bar loop, we had our main section along with breakdown but now we need to put these loops into song form.
We will look at the structure I tend to go with when I make music, it involves a intro, a outro, 2 main's sections, build section and a break section. As the drawing below shows here's what I use to arrange my tracks.
As you can see the song is divided into sections Intro (24bars), Build (8bars), Main (24bars), Break (16bars), Main2 (24bars), Break to outro (8bars) & Outro (24bars), This gives the song a nice flow to it & keeps the listener interested for just the right amount of time (along with added techniques & FX) before there brain switches off from listening. We will start by adding all of our clips to each section of the song arrangement, and work the sections into each other to get a nice flowing song together.
These are the clips, I have added a few more varieties to the selection. Firstly add all the clips to the arrangement view, you can do this by clicking or dragging multiple clips over to the arrangement view by the TAB key.
When in the arrangement view try splitting up the track into section's, this makes it easier and gives you a guideline on what to work to. You can bypass my example and create your own structure as different genres do ted to have different structures and its always good to try new thing out, you do this by right clicking on the timeline and click on add locator, right click on the locator and click on rename you can now rename the locator as you see fit.
I have arranged the track and added a few more elements mainly to the drum pattern, which is a ride cymbal on bars 49-57 & 89 - 97. I have attached the files HERE for your use, these are the MIDI notes for track so you don't have to worry about altering them to suit or to see how I have done mine.
As you can see below the full arrangement I have used with a couple of added tracks which you will find in the download.
As in this example there are builds, fills, short breaks in order to keep the listener interested. You could try different arrangement techniques such as arranging the layout differently, or adding more variety into the drum loops. We will continue to work on this until we feel its right.
This brings us to our next section Automation, Automation is a process where a procedure is carried out without use of a human, a example of this could be a low pass filter sweeping up through 32 bars to gently bring in our piano. or we could use a Utility to bring in the volume from inf dB to 0dB over 16/32 bars or what ever we want.
To access the Automation on LIVE 10 you must deactivated the keyboard mode by pressing M, and then press A you will see a new view open up whilst in the arrange view (as shown below).
The top picture shows the automation window closed and the picture below shows the automation window open.
In the screenshot below I have shown the basic automation lines, these automation lines are designated to certain effects parameters such at the frequency of a filter.
I will show you the process for doing this below the screenshot.
Firstly we need to decide what effect we are going to use and on what track, I think the having a reverb build on the drum track will give our drop more inpact. First load a reverb to the Drum group and select the automation window by pressing A & make sure you have the keyboard key deselected M.
Next we want to pick the part we would like to automate over time, press once on the dry/wet knob and you will get the parameter in the Device Chooser & Automation control chooser under the group.
When you select a parameter such as the dry/wet under the box's in the group tab select Reverb & Dry/Wet, with this being done press the little + button, this will let you add another parameter on a new line.
With these two now in place we can start to automate, you will see a dotted redline, this shows that value of what you have set it to on the device, to change this simply double click on the dotted red line. Try the following below for a nice snare build up.
You may notice that some of the automation lines are curved, this can be done by holding down ALT/ OPTION & drag and curve your automation to suit.
Have a mess around with automating different parameters or use another third party plugin as shown in the previous blog Plugins & DAW's, overall its a personal thing and do what you think is best for the track.
We can take the automation even further in Ableton and create a effect's rack, this would help us with drawing in 1 automation line via a macro, where we assign numerous parameter and effects to, We will cover this in another blog as for now we are looking at just getting a simple arrangement down, We will keep building on our track and use more techniques to develop it further in the coming blogs.